Originally built in 1919 as City of Newport News.
Transferred to the Navy 12 November and commissioned "in ordinary" for conversion the same day.
Commissioned in full 9 April. After training her crew in the operation of landing craft, Fuller arrived at Charleston, SC, for duty in the Atlantic Fleet on 15 June. She sailed from Charleston 22 June in the convoy carrying the first marine troops to the occupation of Iceland, from which she returned to Norfolk 22 July. Training operations with marines on the North Carolina coast, and with her division in the Norfolk area, continued until her departure from Hampton Roads 5 December to transport marines to Cuba, the Canal Zone, and Puerto Rico.
She returned north for exercises with soldiers in Lynnhaven Roads, then between 19 February 1942 and 25 March, carried troops and cargo to Northern Ireland. Fuller sailed from Norfolk 10 April for Wellington, New Zealand, arriving 22 May. She landed marines and their equipment in the initial assault on Guadalcanal 7 August, and through the next months continued to sail out of Wellington to bring reinforcements and supplies to Guadalcanal and South Pacific bases, often coming under Japanese air attack. As Army troops relieved the battle-weary marines on Guadalcanal, Fuller carried soldiers from Noumea and Suva to Guadalcanal.
She was reclassified APA-7 on 1 February. In May she sailed to Pearl Harbor to load marines for transportation to Australia, then returned to her transport duties from New Zealand and Australia to South Pacific bases. On 28 October, Fuller sailed from Efate, New Hebrides, for the initial landings on Bougainville, where she landed marine raiders on Cape Torokina 1 November. Laden with casualties, she cleared the assault beaches the same day for Tulagi and Purvis Bay. Returning to Bougainville's Empress Augusta Bay anchorage with reinforcements 8 November, Fuller came under enemy air attack, receiving a direct hit on her port side which set her afire and killed five of her crew and two soldiers embarked. She returned to Purvis Bay two days later to repair battle damage, and twice more during the following month and a half carried reinforcements to Bougainville.
After a west coast overhaul between 18 January 1944 and 20 March, Fuller trained at San Diego and in the Hawaiian Islands for the Marianas assault. She sailed from Pearl Harbor 29 May for Saipan, where on the morning of 15 June she staged in a feint landing before putting her troops ashore in the actual assault. Ordered away from the island for safety during the Battle of the Philippine Sea, Fuller completed unloading her cargo 24 June, and sailed for Eniwetok with prisoners of war on board. For the invasion of Tinian, 24 July, Fuller again staged a diversionary feint at landings, then landed her marines next day as reinforcements. She returned to Espiritu Santo 9 August with casualties, then loaded troops and cargo in the Russells for landing exercises on Guadalcanal. Fuller carried the same men to the assault on Peleliu 15 September, and after offloading all her cargo and receiving casualties, sailed for Hollandia, arriving 25 September for drills in anticipation of the Leyte assault. She landed troops successfully in San Pedro Bay, Leyte, in the initial assault of 20 October, then sailed at once for Humboldt Bay to load reinforcements and supplies, with which she returned to San Pedro Bay 14 November.
After preparations at Manus and New Guinea, Fuller once again launched her landing craft for the assault in Lingayen Gulf, Luzon, 9 January, putting out the next day for Leyte to load reinforcements. These she landed at Lingayen, then sailed back to Leyte and on to Ulithi to load marines for exercises at Guadalcanal. Returning to Ulithi 21 March, Fuller sailed six days later for the invasion of Okinawa, of which she arrived during the initial landings of 1 April. However, she did not land her men until the 7th, and two days later she sailed for the west coast and an overhaul completed in July. Arriving at San Pedro Bay, Leyte, two days after hostilities ceased, Fuller carried out occupation transport assignments until returning to Seattle on 3 December.
Decommissioned at Seattle on 20 March and transferred to the Maritime Commission 1 July.
These specifications and ship histories are adapted from the Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships (US Naval Historical Center) and from various other sources. These summaries may not reflect the most recent information concerning the ships' status or operations. If you find an error or discrepancy, please email me at email@example.com or fill out our online crossing submission form.